Αμυντική συμφωνία Τουρκίας- Ιταλίας -Γαλλίας για το SAMP-T

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[dropcap size=small]Σ[/dropcap]ε μια περίοδο που η Τουρκία ετοιμάζεται να αγοράσει αντιαεροπορικό σύστημα από την Ρωσία, μια εξέλιξη που δημιουργεί πολλά ερωτηματικά για την συνέχεια της στρατηγικής συνεργασίας της γειτονικής χώρας με τις ΗΠΑ και τους δυτικούς συμμάχους, η Άγκυρα πραγματοποιεί ένα σημαντικό βήμα το οποίο έρχεται να αφήσει την σφραγίδα του στο προσκήνιο της επικαιρότητας.

Ο Υπουργός Εθνικής Άμυνας της Τουρκίας, Νουρεττίν Τζανίκλι, ο οποίος επισκέπτεται τις Βρυξέλλες για μια σύσκεψη του ΝΑΤΟ υπογράφει μια ιστορικής σημασίας συμφωνία με τον Ιταλό και Γάλλο ομόλογο του.

Σύμφωνα με την νέα συμφωνία, Τουρκία, Ιταλία και Γαλλία εντατικοποιούν την συνεργασία τους στο πεδίο της άμυνας. Στην νέα περίοδο, οι τρεις χώρες θα συντονίσουν τα βήματα τους στα πεδία των ηλεκτρονικών συστημάτων, λογισμικών και συστημάτων παρομοιώσεων.

Επίσης, θα πραγματοποιήσουν κοινά βήματα για την δημιουργία κοινών αεροπορικών πυραυλικών συστημάτων. Ακόμη, θα εντατικοποιηθεί η συνεργασία σε όλα τα πεδία της σύγχρονης αμυντικής τεχνολογίας.

Ως πρώτο βήμα της συνεργασίας, οι τρεις χώρες θα βολιδοσκοπήσουν τα περιθώρια της ενατικοποίησης της συνεργασίας σε ότι αφορά το σύστημα SAMP-T το οποίο παράγει η EUROSAM. Παρατηρητές τονίζουν ότι η Τουρκία έχει ήδη ξεκινήσει συνομιλίες με αυτόν τον συνεταιρισμό για την εξασφάλιση νέου πυραυλικού συστήματος.

Σύμφωνα με την νέα συμφωνία Τουρκίας-Γαλλίας-Ιταλίας το επόμενο διάστημα θα αυξηθούν οι επισκέψεις των αξιωματούχων και στρατιωτικών αυτών των χωρών.

Συμφωνία και με Ισπανία

Εν το μεταξύ, εκτός από την Γαλλία και την Ιταλία, η Τουρκία προχωρά στην ενίσχυση των σχέσεων της στο πεδίο της άμυνας και με την Ισπανία.  Συγκεκριμένα, η Τουρκία υπογράφει ένα νέο σύμφωνο συνεργασίας με την Ισπανία, το οποίο προβλέπει την εντατικοποίηση της συνεργασίας σε συστήματα χερσαίων δυνάμεων, αεροπορίας και ναυτικού.

Νίκος Στέλγιας

Πηγή: kathimerini.com.cy

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Doukas Gaitatzis

Doukas Gaitatzis

Παρατηρητής και ιστογράφος θεμάτων αμυντικής τεχνολογίας. Δεσμευμένος με τις Ελληνικές Ένοπλες Δυνάμεις και παθιασμένος με οτιδήποτε στρατιωτικό.

2 Απαντήσεις

    1. Raytheon’s Next Generation PATRIOT
      Despite the decision by the German government to select MEADS as its next tactical ground based air defence system, it became apparent during PAS15 that Raytheon is not yet willing to give up on the TLVS programme. Raytheon’s vice president for Integrated Air and Missile Defence Systems, Tim Glaeser, who until 2004 served as the Commander of the US Army’s 11th Air Defense Artillery Brigade and commanded US and Kuwaiti Patriot forces during Operation «Iraqi Freedom,» spoke to MT during the show. He is in no way convinced that MEADS will outperform Raytheon’s Next Generation PATRIOT: “We have a very defined growthpath for Next Generation Patriot. This will include a PATRIOT 360° AESA GaN (gallium nitride) sensor. GaN has been acknowledged as leap ahead technology that improves performance and decreases operational and maintenance cost of the weapon system. We open the architecture with what we call a common command and control node giving us the ability to integrate a nation’s indigenous sensors or effectors or weapon systems into our architecture. They get to leverage the entire investment of their country’s air and missile defence capability. We also integrate a family of effectors to include the PAC-3 hit-to-kill MSE effector which has already been integrated and fired off a modified PATRIOT launcher. We have had seven flight tests today and they have all been very succesful. That capability is available to any nation who chooses to want that today, you do not have to wait for a MEADS or something in the future to fire that. We think that taking what you have and making it better is probably the most cost effective way in constrained environments to ensure you have a credible air and missile defence capability. The family of effectors and the integration of indigenous capability allow you to select the most cost effective interceptor, to process a particular engagement against the threat.”

      Rotating Versus Staring Arrays
      Speaking about the relevance of 360° capability, Glaeser, a former PATRIOT air defence battalion commander himself, went on to say: “The 360° coverage is a very interesting topic. When we first fielded PATRIOT in the early 1980s, a battalion of PATRIOTs has six fire units in the US Army configuration. It had a sectored system. You can use a very simple TTP of just using three or four Patriot fire units and you can get 360° coverage. It depends on where your threat is coming from. We jokingly say if you are surrounded by an enemy that can shoot ballistic missiles at you from 360° you have a bigger problem than PATRIOT or MEADS are ever going to solve. You should know where your ballistic missile threat is coming from in any operational scenario. You have other TTPs as well where you have mutually supporting, overlapping fires, defence in depth, you have more than one means providing you coverage. It depends on how you set up your defence design.”

      Speaking about MEADS, Glaeser said: “As we understand, it needed three radars to get that 360° coverage. They had two fire control radars that were rotating and when they were prosecuting a very stressing ballistic missile threat, one had to stop and stare. At that time it became the same sectored system that PATRIOT is today. We at Raytheon have done a lot of analysis on rotating versus staring arrays and we conclude that a staring AESA GaN array optimizes your capability to engage all the known threats, even stressing threats, if we orient the main array to where we believe the main attack is going to come from.”

      On LCC and Personnel
      Talking about life cycle costs and personnel requirements, Glaeser said: “One radar beats three any day of the week in terms of training, costs, logistics. That is why we opted for that particular solution. The US has studied this and was part of the MEADS development for many years but in February of 2011, the US government made a decision not to procure MEADS. They did it for three reasons: one, it was a billion dollars over cost, two, it was a decade behind schedule, and three, it did not work and they were paying 58% of the bill. Germany was in it for 25% at the time and Italy 17 percent. So, four and half years later, Germany makes a decision or announcement that they are going to continue development of MEADS. So, they are going to pay all that development costs by themselves and then procure the weapon systems. Just think of the infrastructure that will be required: new training, new maintenance, new logistics, new manuals, new spare parts and no other nation has the capability. All the other nations that we know of have recently made decisions to upgrade PATRIOT or buy new PATRIOT or buy additional PATRIOT fire units. We know as we are in production right today that you have to stay ahead of obsolescence all the time. So, think of something that has not really been developed for four and a half years and now we are going to start it again. What obsolescence issues might be confronted as they start this programme up again?”

      TLVS: Raytheon Waiting in the Wings
      Questioning some of the criteria that led to the selection of MEADS, Glaeser said: “Having talked to the German MoD and politicians, we understand that PATRIOT is the preferred alternative solution. They have set up a very defined series of milestones that MEADS as they move along with the TLVS selection will have to meet. If they would struggle or be challenged to meet some of those milestones the German government would look to Next Generation PATRIOT as an alternative. We will keep the German government informed of our milestones as we proceed forward. If and when MEADS has future challenges, we will be ready and able to fill any void that may occur.”

      Glaeser then spoke about the current status of the German PATRIOT programme: “We are proud of the fact that Germany has been a PATRIOT partner member since the early 1980s. They still have a significant number of PATRIOT fire units that are currently at Configuration 3 and we understand that they will move forward with modernisation efforts to take them to the latest baseline of Configuration 3+. We understand that PATRIOT will be in their military formation to the year 2025 or 2030. So, there is a decade plus of future Patriot partnership together with the German MoD.”

      PATRIOT has evolved from the Anti Tactical Missile (ATM) PAC-2 and the PAC-2 Guidance Enhancement Missile (GEM) upgrade to the PAC-3 that uses hit-to-kill technology instead of the conventional explosives that were previously used. Initial PAC-3 missiles have been superseded by Cost Reduction Initiative (CRI) missiles while Missile Segment Enhancement (MSE) versions are being introduced that feature insensitive munitions improvements. An enhanced M903 launching station is also being introduced that enables mixed loads of PAC-2 GEM and PAC-3 MSE missiles. Under the US Army’s PATRIOT P3I modernisation programme, a new Radar Digital Processor will deliver a 40% reliability improvement of the system’s radar set while a new so-called Modern Adjunct Processor is also being incorporated. The PATRIOT 3+ baseline configuration being used for the programme also features modern man stations with touchscreens. In addition to the US Army which intends to keep PATRIOT in service beyond 2048, Germany’s neighbour the Netherlands has also opted for PATRIOT Configuration 3+ with the Dutch military already looking to extend the service life of their PATRIOT systems until 2040.

      In a move that was decribed by Lockheed Martin’s Rick Edwards as, “disappointing,” Poland decided to opt for an off the shelf system, subsequently selecting PATRIOT systems for its Wisla programme, with Raytheon thus beating EUROSAM’s SAMP/T. However, Edwards emphasised that MEADS will compete for a second programme called Narew, presumably with IRIS-T SL: “We are still active in Poland and were responding to that short range system. Being a modular system with plug and play capability, MEADS could become the backbone depending on how Poland wants to architect the programme for other capabilities to plug in to.”

      Meanwhile, the Polish PATRIOT systems will compromise all the Configuration 3+ upgrades the US is currently implementing with the Next Generation PATRIOT’s AESA GaN main array and the rear phased array panels being retrofitted to achieve FOC in 2022.
      http://www.miltechmag.com/2015/07/meads-versus-next-generation-patriot.html

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